Skin Types

Skin types are genetically determined ways in which the epidermis reacts to the environment and topical products. Although skin can change over time due to both genetic and environmental factors, it is important to know how your skin will react to various factors in order to find the right balance in treating and preventing skin conditions. Through the Fitzpatrick Skin Type classification system, developed in 1975 by Dr. Thomas Fitzpatrick, each person's unique skin type can be determined based on genetic disposition, reaction to sun exposure, and more. The better you understand your unique skin type, the better you can take care of it in the years to come.

There are a variety of factors that impact the skin, including water and oil content, as well as sensitivity. Weather, illnesses, medication or even hot baths or showers can all have a detrimental impact on the epidermis. Allison Clement, MD at The Skin Studios in Lake Charles, Louisiana, will help you seek out the best options available to suit your individual needs. Contact us at (337) 474-1220 for additional information and how you can benefit from proper care.

Epidermis Types and Conditions

Skin conditions like acne are not classified as genetic and are usually indicators of an underlying concern. However, there are four main characteristics of the skin and each of these skin type characteristics have conditions that are more commonly associated with them.

  • Oily - Characterized by excessive sebum production, large pores, and shiny appearance. Requires extensive exfoliation and cleansing compared to other types due to its proneness to clogged pores, acne, and blackheads.
  • Dry - Tightness, tiny follicles, dehydration, flakiness, and irritation are all symptoms of lack of moisture and oil barrier, which protects it from premature aging.
  • Combination - Produces both oily and arid symptoms, sometimes with an oily T-zone and dry cheeks that have a variable pore size, requiring dual skin treatments. Clogged pores, acne, flakiness, and sensitivities can all occur at once.
  • Normal - The most balanced of skin types and contains an ideal oil/water balance with normal pore size. The normal type can fluctuate but usually doesn't develop serious dermal problems.

If you believe you have one of these skin types and suffer from any of the issues associated with them, then The Skin Studios can help you to find the right balance of daily care and specialized skin treatment.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitivity is determined by intolerance to a cosmetic product, which can present itself in a number of ways that cause irritation. Irritations are usually the first indicators of sensitivity after coming in contact with a chemical.

Though sensitivity is not considered a diagnosis, it can become an indicator that a particular ingredient or product is not ideal to use. Forms of irritation may include itchiness, swelling, stinging, dryness, scaling, peeling, bumps, hives, soreness, pain or burning. If any of these symptoms present themselves, a medical consultation is recommended for proper care.

Ethnic Skin Concerns

Ethnic skin types typically contain more melanin, a natural substance found in the dermis, contributing to darker skin. Melanin also protects the epidermis from harmful UV rays. Though melanin provides ample sun protection, it can also produce thick, thin, oily and dry symptoms. Depending on the climate, some darker epidermis may be considered stronger or more fragile than others, so it is a good idea to book an appointment with someone who can help relieve common skin ailments. Dr. Clement and Nurse Practitioner Littlefield of The Skin Studios specializes in gentle skin treatments.

  • African American - Dark skin found in people of African descent contains varying amounts of melanin, which contribute to variable pigmentation. While African American skin is prone to conditions such as hyperkeratosis, it usually ages slower as a result of ample melanin. However, uneven tone and texture can be a problem, which may be caused by using harsh chemicals, chemical peels, and some exfoliating skin treatments, resulting in scarring.
  • Hispanic - People of Hispanic heritage typically have varying skin tones, which contains a considerable amount of oil, requiring extensive treatments for problematic conditions such as acne. Hispanic epidermis that is darker can also be prone to hyperpigmentation and scarring due to abrasive exfoliation and harsh chemicals.
  • Asian - Asian skin is typically the most sensitive of all groups. However, it also contains a considerable amount of elasticity. As such, certain skin treatments like alpha hydroxyl acid (AHA) can be very abrasive. Because of the fragility of Asian epidermis, one must take caution when treating conditions while preserving the natural pigmentation.
  • Indian - Indian skin usually contains a considerable amount of melanin, as well. Indian skin can also be oily, contributing to acne. In addition to other conditions, such as scarring and post-inflammatory hyper-pigmentation, this type can also fall victim to scarring if such conditions aren't treated properly.

Effective ethnic skin care can provide customized treatment plans that take both individual needs and environmental factors into consideration for short-term aesthetic improvement and long-term health. Learn more about ethnic skin treatment at

Men's Skin

Men's skin can fall victim to hormonal fluctuations just as much as women. The facial epidermis found in men is typically thicker and breaks out less often than in women. However, men frequently experience the most irritation due to shaving. Other common conditions treated in male aesthetic medicine include:

  • Razor Burn - Redness, ingrown hairs, and rash caused by friction between a shaving blade and the face due to insufficient moisture.
  • Acne - Infected sebaceous glands
  • Rosacea - A condition in which large blood vessels emit a flushed appearance in the cheeks and nose.

While men and women experience similar irritations, men's skin issues are most often due to excessive hair growth and shaving improperly. The Skin Studios has the right tools to alleviate these symptoms with gentle technology that is soothing and softening. If you experience worsening or persistence of these signs, booking an appointment may be the best solution.